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Sunday, August 19, 2018

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari Vajpayee (25 December 1924 - 16th August, 2009) was one of the leaders of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), who was known for his cultural solidarity, liberalism and political logic. He has been the Prime Minister for three times - for the first time in 1996 he worked for a 13-day period, in 1998 for the second time in eleven months and for the third time in 1999, for the third time in five years. During his tenure, India successfully conducted nuclear tests in Pokhran and hoped for new peace to establish peace between India and Pakistan at the beginning of the new Delhi-Lahore bus service. His government has been the only non-Congress government to have power for five years. Along with being a late politician and extraordinary parliament member, Atal Bihari Vajpayee was also a famous poet and a very popular figure in the political spectrum.

Early life

Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born in the Brahmin family of middle class to near Mother Goddess Krishna Devi and father Krishna Bihari Vajpayee, on 25th December, 1925, to Mother Goddard (Madhya Pradesh). His father was a poet and school teacher. Saraswati Shishu Mandir, from Gwalior, studied in the school. Later, while studying Victoria College, Gwalior, he studied at Lakshmi Bai College. It was in the Dayanand Anglo-Vedic College in Kanpur that Vajpayee completed his postgraduate studies in Political Science.
In 1939 he joined the National Self-Work Association (RSS) as a lecturer, but in 1947 he became a lecturer (full-time worker). He worked for Hindi monthly, Rashtradharma Hindi monthly, five Hindi weekly and daily Swadesh and Veer Arjun.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee has been selected to be a graduate for whole life; he takes the daughter of long-time friend Rajkumari Kaul and BN Kaul and raised him as his child.

Political career

Atal Bihari Vajpayee started his career in politics as a freedom fighter. Later, he was a Hindu rightist political party, the Indian National Democratic Party (BJS), and more. Shayma joined Prasad Mukhopadhyay. He was in charge of North Zone as National Secretary of BJS.
As the new leader of the BJS, in 1957, Barappey was elected for the first time for public release. In 1968, he became the National President of the People's Union. Supported by his colleague Nanadi Deshmukh, Baladha Madhup and LK Advani, Vajpayee further glorified the Sangha.
In 1977, BJP leader John Sangha joined the whole revolution movement led by Jay Prakash Narayan (JP) against the internal activities of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Grand Alliance government against Indira Gandhi, part of Janata Party.
In 1975, Atol Bihari Vajpayee became the Union minister, when the Janata Dal led by the Morarji Desai came to power. He was Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Morarji Devi cabinet. As the Foreign Minister, Vajpayee became the first person to present lectures at the United Nations General Assembly in the United States. After the resignation of Morarji Desai, his career as a minister in 1979 was incomplete. But since then he has established himself as a political leader.In 1980, the Bharatiya Janata Party formed with BJP and National Autonomous Organization (RSS), along with Lal Krishna Advani, Bhairan Singh Sikha and others. After the fall of the Janata Party government, Congress (I) became a strong critic of the government.
After the assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1984, the Prime Minister did not support Operation Blue Star against the anti-Sikh violence and gave two of her Sikh bodyguards to her.
BJP won two parliamentary seats in the 1984 elections. The BJP president and opposition leader of the BJP, as the BJP president Known for his liberal outlook, Babari thought of destroying the mosque on December 6, 1992 and declared it as a "bad misconception" of the BJP.

As Prime Minister of India

Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
In the 1984 elections, in the Indian politics, BJP has established itself as an important political party. After the general election of 1996, Vajpayee took oath as the 10th Prime Minister of India, where the BJP emerged as the single largest party in the Lok Sabha. However, after the fall of the government, within 13 days, after the fall of the government, the majority of the parties cannot get the majority.

In 1998, the BJP-led coalition government came back to power as National Democratic Alliance (NDA). Again, sworn in as Prime Minister. On 1 May 1998, the name of the second term is mentioned as the prime minister's prime minister for the nuclear tests conducted in Pokhran desert in Rajasthan. Vajpayee pushed the peace process with Pakistan. He inaugurated Delhi-Lahore historian in February 1999. He said to settle the Kashmir dispute and settle disputes with Pakistan.
But Pakistan launched the Kargil war, which India had defeated, where Pakistani soldiers entered the Valley of Kashmir and attacked the Border Mountains around Kargil town.

Under operation Vijay, the Indian Army unit, Pakistani infiltrators with heavy weapons, with heavy weapons, and hailstorms between the treacherous mountainous terrains and finally emerge as a winner. However, in mid-2012, All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AAIADMK) withdrew support for the government for 13 months.

In the next election, the NDA came back to full majority and for the first time non-Congress was able to take over the charge of five years (1999-2004) as the Prime Minister. On October 13, 1999, Atal Bihari Vajpayee took the oath of office for the third time as Indian Prime Minister.
But in its third term, India is giving India terror to the terrorists. In December 1999, a flight IC 814 from Indian Airlines flight from Delhi to Kathmandu was hijacked from Kandahar to Afghanistan. To ensure the freedom of the passengers, the government had to release the terrorists from prison including Maulana Masood Azhar. On the bright side, the Vajpayee government introduced many economic and infrastructure reforms, of which there was encouragement to private sector and foreign investment. It also conducts National Highway Development Project and Prime Minister's Rural Roads Plan. Bappi took the path of business, trade and open market reform for economic development of India.

In March 2000, during the visit of US President Bill Clinton, Vajpayee signed a document of historic visas. In addition to pitching for expansion of trade and economic relations between the two countries, there were some strategic issues in the announcement.

Kashmir Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee and her party meet with the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) leader Muammar Gaddafi.

When the Pakistan-backed terrorists attacked the parliament building in Delhi on December 23, 2013, the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government attacked the Indian Parliament. Ultimately, their efforts by the Indian security forces failed.

After the Gujarat riots in 2002, when the clash broke out in the Gujarat riots, the Prime Minister as the Prime Minister was the candidate for the election.


Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
NDA collapsed in the 2004 general elections, which lost nearly half of the seats and the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) rebuilt power. Opposition leader, led by BJP leader LK Advani, refused to step down.


Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Even after suffering a stroke in 2002, Vajpayee's main health issue has become a major concern since his speech was hampered, after which he was limited to wheelchairs and failed to recognize the people. Vajpayee was suffering from diabetes and dementia. On June 11, 2011, her health condition worsened and she was admitted to ATM Hospital in Delhi. After getting admitted for more than two months, due to illness for a long time, at 11am 2018 morning, at 5:30 in the village Atal Bihari Vajpayee died.

Awards and achievements

·        Padma Vibhushan in 1992
·        D. Lit. from Kanpur University in 1993
·        Lokmanya Tilak Award in 1994
·        Best Parliamentarian Award in 1994
·        Bharat Ratna in 2015
·        Liberation War award (Bangladesh Muktijuddho Sanmanona) in 2015

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